25years copy

Hungarian (formal)Română (România)English (United Kingdom)

Rural development

Rural development




Agricultural high schools - local "hubs" for the development of small and medium farms. The component From high-school to farm - study tours for future farmers to better understand the value chain in agriculture


Transylvanian Herb Garden ujfoen


RuralNet - Community Development Network


The Good Practices Library 


Supporting the development of apiarists associative structure


Training of farmers in the territory of LAG Somes Transilvan


Training of personnel involved in the implementation of local development strategies and local leaders of Local Action Groups


Promoting Entrepreneurship in Society by Co-operation


Learning Villages: how European villages are developing themselves?


Local development in the Black Sea Region


Fruits of Tradition (Székelygyümölcs)


Partnership for community development in unitarian villages




Environmental management for flooded areas in the Odorhei region


Integrated Local Development. Pilot Project in Savadisla, Mihai Viteazu and Coltesti


Partnership for development of rural Unitarian villages in Valea Homorodului


Local Development Agent – course support in Hungarian


Local Development Agent 


Agricultural high schools - local "hubs" for the development of small and medium farms. The component From high-school to farm - study tours for future farmers to better understand the value chain in agriculture

Partners: World Vision Romania (WVR); Junior Achievement Romania (JAR); Civitas Foundation for Civil Society - Cluj-Napoca Branch; Center for Entrepreneurship and Executive Development (CEED Romania); Romanian Center for European Policies (CRPE)

Sponsor: Romanian-American Foundation

Through this project we want to strengthen the role of "education hub" of agricultural high schools by strengthening the link between students and the labor market thereby contributing to local economic development. We want to underline the importance of the value chain in agriculture for 120 students from high schools by organizing study tours depending on the areas of interest of each school - animal farming or horticulture. Each study visit aims to develop technical capabilities of students, but also students' skills in communication, networking, presentation, negotiation, etc. The study visit is organized after the following scheme: production-processing-marketing-future opportunities.

Through our study visits we plan to contribute to adapting the methods of education in agricultural realities, developing attractive learning methods for students and facilitate the development of a positive attitude towards career development opportunities in agriculture. The program includes eight agricultural high schools in the country: Miroslava, Husi, Brăneşti, Slatina, Salonta, Turda, Ciumbrud and Prejmer.

The project lasts two years, the first year being dedicated to piloting a study visit model, year two of the project being dedicated to supporting high schools in the replication study visits and creating mechanisms for implementing study visits in the future.


RuralNet - Community Development Network

RuralNet - Community Development Network is a joint project between PACT Foundation, Rural Center and Civitas Foundation for Civil Society – Cluj branch, which aims to support small organisations and informal initiative groups from rural areas and small urban area.  

RuralNet is an informal network of non-governmental organisations which are actively involved in community development in rural areas from Romania. It was created in 2002 aiming to support community development in Romanian rural areas by developing all the necessary competences of people involved in this area.  It is the only rural development network wich is actively involved in the development of the National Rural Development Programme. 

Through this project, we aim to raise the sustainability of the network and of all members. Our direct beneficiaries are 11 member organisations, 115 bodies of the civil society from rural and small urban areas, but also other NGOs with a reduced financial capacity. 

RuralNet will monitor and evaluate relevant public policies, will develop and implement an advocacy campaign,will promote all the relevant informations, best practices stories in communities through an interactive map and will end up with a gala, which will bring together all the participants from different communities.   sigle eea ruralnet


 The Good Practices Library

Civitas Foundation for Civil Society – Cluj branch is now a partner for the project ”Biblioteca Bunelor Practici” – The Good Practices Library, an innovative concept of the rural development, financed by Social European Fund, through Sectoral Operational Programme Human Resources Development.

Together with Structural Consulting™ Group (as the applicant) and the CATAR – Confederation of Peasant Associations from Romania, A.Co.R., AgromRo Association and ADDWise, we will create a network of 18 county centers of chamber consultancy, development of entrepreneurship in rural areas and raising the occupancy rate for the managers, young unemployed people and people coming from rural areas from the north-east, north-west and center region.

We will develop an information and consultancy package for 656 people from the three regions of development. Also, we will give a training course to 460 people on the following subjects:

 1.      Chamber consultancy for business promotion and information

2.      Development of entrepreneurship competences

3.      Social and civic competences

4.      TIC.

We will also organize a series of 3 regional conferences (“libraries”) – facilitating events for the exchange of best practices and partnerships. During these regional conferences, we will award the best development plans and their authors will be employed in the county centers. 

 Supporting the development of apiarists associative structure

The Apiarists Cooperative will be assisted by Civitas Foundation for Civil Society – Cluj Branch with the Romanian-American Foundation assistance including support in coordination of activities, monitoring, and providing advice for accessing funds. Advisory services fundraising will be directed to the Cooperative and each member individually, for each offering tailored solutions.

General objective:

            Improving and implementing the Apiarists Cooperative`s business plan.

Specific objectives:

1. Improving the business plan and updating it in the second year of implementation.

2. Regular assistance in the management process. 

3. Assuring the access to finance for the Cooperative and for the members. (Grants, credits, microcredits, etc.)

4. Providing complementary services to the Cooperative members in order to develop technical and operational capacity.

Target groups: More than 50 small apiarists from North-eastern part of Cluj County.

Beneficiaries: 10 apiarists (first phase) from Sic, Unguras, Mintiu Gherlii, Fizesul Gherlii, Sanmartin townships. 


  Training of farmers in the territory of LAG Somes Transilvan

Civitas Foundation for Civil Society - Cluj branch in partnership with the University of Agricultural Sciences and Veterinary Medicine Cluj- Napoca - USAMV – implements the „Training of farmers in the territory of SOMEŞ Transilvan LAG " project, financed through LEADER by Payments Agency for Rural Development and Fisheries of Romania – APDRP.

The project includes 2 stages: initial Information further supplemented with the Training.

Information covers beneficiaries from public, private (farmers, small and medium enterprises), farmers associations, NGOs in the rural area of ​​the LAG and will highlight the role and importance of carrying out effective and sustainable farming.

Thereafter, Training courses will be organized in the following main common: Apahida , Bonţida, Jucu, Sic and Corneşti and will run from 20 January to 25 February 2014.
The beneficiaries of training courses should be in the fields of forestry, beekeeping, agro- food industry, agriculture and livestock.
Training courses will include the following modules:

  • Project Management
  • Financial Management
  • Marketing methods
  • Environmental protection
  • Agriculture and ecological products
  • Processing of organic products
  • Farm management
  • Apiculture
  • Horticulture
  • Forestry
  • New ways of exploiting local resources.

The project aims to improve knowledge of the target group regarding an efficient and sustainable agriculture, local development and the LEADER approach in the new context of the National Strategy Plan for Rural Development 2014 - 2020.


Period of implementation: 13.05.2013-14.04.2014

Project coordinator: KIRÁLY Annamária

Funder: LEADER by Payments Agency for Rural Development and Fisheries of Romania – APDRP

 Training of personnel involved in the implementation of local development strategies and local leaders of Local Action Groups


The training of personnel involved in the implementation of local development strategies and local leaders of Local Action Groups aims to build the capacity of these groups in building and implementing projects, this being the first step in implementing local Leader program. If we intend to make this innovative approach work properly, local actors must have or acquire the necessary competencies, in fields like project management and Leaders’ program directions of development.




1.Training services for staff involved in implementing the local development strategy



  • General introdution of European funds, LEADER program, funding opportunities, funding requirements imposed by standards, implementation of Leader in Romania
  • NGO Management - Operation LAG, Role of Selection Committee - selection process and operating mechanisms of the project selection committee (bodies and their role in the GAL)
  • Preparation of a draft for soliciting funds (important parts of projects: application form, GD 28/2008, public procurement, supporting documents)
  • Financial Management
  • Operation GAL - measure 431.2

- Prepare payment requests files

- Develop specific reports

- monitoring

- Animation of the territory

- Organizational and interpersonal communication

- Elements of visual identity

  • Procurement elements:

- Preparation of procurement files

- Developing public procurement

- Prepare payment requests files

- Checking procurement files for private beneficiaries


  • Conformity assessment and project eligibility. Evaluation grids.

- Implementation and Project Leader - Measure 41

- Case studies: M 313, M 312, M 322, M 112, M 121, M 141.  Circuit project monitoring.

  • Regularities in EU-funded projects, conflict of interest and how to avoid it
  • Examples of good practice in promoting and animation.
  • The importance of the context EU LEADER 2020




2.  Training services for local leaders


  • NRDP measures applied by Local Action Group

- Presentation of the measures contained in the Local Development Plan and the types of projects that can be made ​​to meet the micro-region strategy.

  • Presentation Leader Axis. Presentation submeasure:

- 431.2 Operation LAG, acquiring skills and animating the territory,

- 41 Implementing local development strategies,

- 421 Implementing cooperation projects.

  • Selection criteria under the Local Development Plan

- Discussions on local selection criteria and the need to obtain a minimum score in the context of compliance indicators in the Local Development Plan.

  • Role of Selection Committee - selection process and operating mechanisms of the project selection committee (bodies and their role in the GAL)
  • Cooperation in Local Development Group, building partnerships.
    - Cooperation projects in rural development - ways to expand local experiences to improve local strategies through inter-territorial actions and transnational.

Our foundation provides study materials, analysis and synthesis courses electronically too. Classes include workshops and evaluation sessions.

At the end of the courses we offer each participant certified diplomas in fields of project management / course participation certificates or certified diplomas as expert accessing funds / certificates of participation according to the requirements of the Local Action Group.


Period of implementation: 01.03.2012- 31.12.2013


Project manager: INCZE Zsuzsanna


Funder: -


 Promoting Entrepreneurship in Society by Co-operation


Civitas Foundation for Civil Society will initiate the project  ”Promote Entrepreneurship in Society by Co-operation”. The main purpose of the project is the development of a supporting co-operation model between farmers, using participatory methods. Through this project, a producers association and a proper background for starting a unit able to store, process, pack and outlet products will be established. This background implies developing a business plan for the association, organizing experience exchanges and organizing a training program based on 2 main compounds: entrepreneurship development and the development specific competencies for farmers. The project is part of the program ”Rural development through entrepreneurship and association”- a common initiative of RAF, PACT, CIVITAS, FDSC, CMSC, CRPE and CEED.


Period of implementation: 01.07.2012 -28.02.2013


Project coordinator: FILIP Valentin


Funder: The Romanian-American Foundation




 Learning Villages: how European villages are developing themselves?



Five NGO from different European countries started a partnership. Each of them is active in rural areas and is interested in community learning by bottom-up and rather informal approaches of adult learning. Why did they collaborate?

Somewhere in rural Europe some volunteering inhabitants of villages are:

‒        meeting each other in a village council and thinking about the future of their village…

‒        working on a project with local central heating…

‒        organizing  a ‘village restaurant’…

‒        working on a project with ancient and forgotten fruit threes…

‒        taking action to safeguard their village heritage and identity.


‒        Why do they to this?

‒        How are the inhabitants participating in this?

‒        How does the success story starts?

‒        How are they continuing this?

‒        What’s the role of a supporting – educational – organization?

‒        And what can an educational organization learn from these examples to educate and stimulate other groups of villages inhabitants?



Learning Villages is a Grundtvig project (European Lifelong Learning Programme) which central goal is to give some answers to above questions. By this partnership partners are going to identify, to know and disseminate different methods of community learning in rural areas practiced by the partners. Project is focused on learning how the rural communities are organizing themselves to assure a sustainable development in their villages. Under sustainable development in this project is meant the community (human resources) and environmental development too.


There will take place five international study trip in each country. During this trips will be presented the local success stories. From the best success stories (2-3 from each country) will be created a CD. By this we would like to disseminate our knowledge and experience.


Period of implementation: September2010 – July 2012


Project coordinator: CSÁKI Rozália




Laendliche Erwachsenenbildung Thueringen e.V. (LEB) (co-coordinator), Germany,www.th.leb.de






SFOF-Djursland, Denmark, http://www.sfof.dk/lokalt.aspx







Association for Lifelong Learning, Hungary, www.alll.hu







Landelijke Gilden vzw, Belgium, www.landelijkegilden.be







Funder: LLP Grundtvig Partnership 2010



The ‘Learning Villages’ project has received European Commission funding in the form of a grant from GRUNDTVIG-action (2010-1-RO1-GRU06-06764) of the European Lifelong Learning Programme. All views expressed on this website are the sole responsibility of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the European Commission.







  Local development in the Black Sea Region


The project purpose is to create the framework for the actors of local development in Black Sea region and to carry out a valuable transfer of knowledge, experience and best practice. The territory we are living in, the history and culture creates a socio-economic context where we struggle to achieve development. The projects we make have similar objectives, learning from each other, replicating best practices, cooperating will help us be stronger and more efficient. People and organizations that are activating in the field of community development must get to know each other, in order to establish partnership and to create networks.
The goal of the project is enhancing the capacity of local communities from Black Sea region in order to mobilize and use their own resources having as result the improvement of communities’ life quality. To achieve this we will organize an international workshop to promote best practice models existing in the region and to facilitate the establishment of new partnerships between the participants.
The objectives of the project:
  • Collecting best practice models in the field of rural and local development and elaborating a guide in CD format with the theme: Developing rural communities – best practice models in the Black Sea region
  • Organizing a workshop on the topic of local development for entities and professionals who activate mostly in rural areas
  • Improving the communication and creating partnership between the entities in the field of local development
  • Promoting best practice models and sharing practical experience within the participants

Period of implementation: April 2008 - October 2008

Project coordinator: Incze Zsuzsánna
Partners: Edirne Young Businessmen Association (EGIAD), Turkey and Agency for Regional Development and Investments-Yambol ( Yambol ARDI), Bulgaria
Funder: German Marshall Fund, Black Sea Trust




 Fruits of Tradition (Székelygyümölcs)





The Civitas Foundation has initiated a regional, community-based economic development plan in the villages of Udvarhely Seat.


The purpose of this initiative is to embrace the farmers and small producers, set an example and provide assistance in making their communities more sustainable and provide local livelihood by taking care for the traditional orchards and by making use of fruit based products.


Period of implementation: 2009-2011.


Project coordinator: Már István.
Funder: Norway Grants
Project details can be found on site www.frutrad.ro.






  Partnership for community development in unitarian villages


Civitas Foundation (Odorheiu Secuiesc) with The Project Harvest Hope (USA) has supported community-building projects in the unitarian rural areas. The purpose of the collaboration was to go on with the Local Development Agent project and community development. Only those unitarian community or local organization could apply which initiated community development through a previous projects (2oo5).
The competition organized in October 2oo7 had fives winners. The following unitarian communities and ideas became support:
  1. Karácsonyfalva conposesorate - To renovate the kitchen at the community building
  2. Unitarian Community of Homoródszentpéter - To renovate and modify the church school into a consulting room
  3. Unitarian Community of Kénos - To construct a sports field for the community
  4. Unitarian Community of Oklánd - To enlarge the Village Museum of Oklánd
  5. Unitarian Community of Firtosváralja - Village stewardship for the three small communities (Énlaka, Firtosváralja, Székelypálfalva)

Period of implementation: December 2007 - March 2008

Project coordinator: Csáki Rozália
Partner: Harvest Hope Pro Homorod

Funder: Project Harvest Hope (USA)







RuralNet is a network of 24 non-governmental organizations, which work in the field of community development. RuralNet was formed in answer to the needs of organizations actively involved in rural development. At present, it is one of the most dynamic networks that work in the Romanian non-governmental sphere.
9-ruralnetThough it is not institutionalized, the network benefited from financial support from the German Marshall Fund. The implementation of RuralNet Development projects funded by from this source, ended in February 2006. The responsibilities of Civitas Foundation in this project, as an active member of the network, were the preparation of the network’s development strategy, and publishing of a Guide for Community Development. The Guide is a textbook of values and principles, standards, case studies and key terms in community development. All the members of the network collaborated to make the Guide a reality.
In May 2006, on behalf of the network, a new project was submitted. The purpose of this project was to increase the involvement of the network in the preparation and monitoring of community and rural development policies in Romania. Thus, RuralNet is intended to become a partner of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forests and Rural Development in the preparation of policies that concern the rural development. German Marshall Fund has accepted the financing of this new project, in which Civitas Foundation has the role of monitoring the implementation of the National Development Plan, increasing the network visibility (including the preparation of a plan/policy for this), attracting of new members to the


network and maintaining/developing partnerships with NGOs, networks, universities, local and central authorities, etc.


Period of implementation: August 2005 - July 2007

Project coordinator: Pavel Alexandru
Partners: 24 member organizations of the RuralNet newtwork

Funder: German Marshall Fund












  Environmental management for flooded areas in the Odorhei region


7-AQI-LacaThe main objectives of the project are: the introduction of the environmental protection aspects in the development strategies at a local level, and increasing the involvement and collaboration of the communities in the target region in the decision-making process (specifically in the area of environmental issues).
This project continues the work begun after the floods of August 2005. At that time, together with several civil organizations and Local Public Administrations (APLs) in Odorhei area, we initiated a partnership to speed recovery from the disaster. Among the implementation locations, we would like to highlight Lupeni, Simonesti, Corund, Porumbenii Mari, Dealu, Feliceni and Mugeni, which were affected by floods. The target group is made up of representatives of the local authorities and public institutions, civil organizations, citizens and businesspersons from the target communities. 8-AQI-galambfalva-jo
In the first three months of the project, we organized seminars and workshops in each partner commune, and a seminar to inaugurate the project in Odorheiu Secuiesc. At this seminar we presented information on environmental law (Romanian and European), ways to prevent pollution, and about community, and local development.
The seminars and workshops will contribute to the enrichment and training of several persons of the target communities, who, after 1 January 2007 will be able to facilitate the development initiatives of their own communities. These persons will work within, and be supported by the national Local Development Agent network.


Period of implementation: October 2006 – September 2007

Project coordinator: Csáki Rozália
Partner: Work Group for Sustainable Development AGORA

Funder: European Union – Phare 2004 Civil Society Development Program







  Integrated Local Development. Pilot Project in Savadisla, Mihai Viteazu and Coltesti


Since 2002, Civitas Foundation has been involved in Mihai Viteazu and Savadisla communities, implementing the project “Community Promoter, pilot program in Cluj and Bistrita-Nasaud”. The local councils of the two villages were among the partners of this project. In 2004, once the project for Transylvania Highway (Bors-Brasov) had begun, the members of Bechtel Company launched the idea of implementing certain community projects, in order to support the communities crossed by the highway. Thus, the Company and Civitas Foundation developed a partnership.
integr1This partnership was extended to other organizations. The financing for this project comes from the Microsoft Unlimited Potential Program offered by Microsoft. Civitas Foundation submitted an application and obtained the financing for the implementation of this project. The project began in July 2005, and it will last three years. Further more, due to the support offered by Microsoft Romania, the initiative was extended to another community in Alba County, Coltesti village of Rimetea commune.

The methodology for this project is based on two models: community promoter/Local Development Agent and community centre/telecentre. We have already presented (above) the concept of Local Development Agent (LDA). The community centre (CTLC – Community Technology Learning Centre) is an area equipped with hardware and software, and connected to the Internet. Members of the community, especially the youth, can use the technology to learn, to acquire new abilities and knowledge, to develop abilities, access information in a timely manner and use information efficiently. The community centre is available to the LDA as a means of mobilizing the community members, and a place for meeting and learning. In this way, the community can use the advantages of information technology to prosper.
  • facilitate the access to information
  • development of the abilities necessary to integrate into the labour market (use of computer, English language, project management, agricultural tourism) and utilize the opportunities offered by the building of the highway
  • community mobilization to organize local development priorities and apply them
  • increase commune visibility

The project represents a model for learning, using information and community development, based on the use of information technology (through the community centre) and the qualified human resource (the LDA).
The following activities were performed through the end of 2006:

  • three community centres renovated and equipped
  • formation of a local initiative group in each commune
  • organization of courses – computer skills, English language – at the community centres; the courses on computer skills were delivered according to a special course support offered by Microsoft Romania; almost 360 persons have attended the courses organized at the community centres to date, and almost 500 have been referred to these centres for various services (Internet, printing, copying, phone, information)
  • organization of meetings and debates of the initiative groups (debates on local development strategy, and SWOT analysis), presentation of financing opportunities (presentation of the active measures within SAPARD program), presentation of the community development process (presented by lecturers from “Babes-Bolyai” University), debates referring to the need of determining micro-regions, and accessibility of projects within Leader program
  • web pages for the two communities (Mihai Viteazu and Savadisla; for Rimetea commune, the site is under construction)
  • organization of community forums/community days, events that are organized annually in these communes. This year, due to the involvement of the LDA and financial support of this project, the events were special (these events were organized in each village of Sãvãdisla commune)


At “Gala societatii civile – 2006” (Civil Society Gala), Civitas Foundation received the Special Award, for the category “Economic and Social Development” for the project “Integrated Local Development – pilot project”.


Period of implementation: July 2005 – June 2008

Project coordinator: Pavel Alexandru
Partners: Transylvania Highway, Net Brinel S.A., Local Council of Savadisla, Mihai Viteazu and Rimetea, Association for Community Development and European Integration Savadisla, Faculty of Political and Administrative Sciences through the Public Administration Department – “Babes-Bolyai” University

Funder: Microsoft Romania - Unlimited Potential Program






  Partnership for development of rural Unitarian villages in Valea Homorodului



In 2005, Project Harvest Hope of the United States, Harvest Hope Pro Horomod and Civitas Foundation initiated a partnership. This partnership was formed to support the Unitarian communities in Valea Homorodului. The project is based on the Local Development Agent (LDA) model, (which was initially designed to function within the local public administration) but with a new dimension. In this pilot project, the LDAs belong to the Unitarian church.
Since 1998, Harvest Hope Pro Homorod has worked on the economic and 5-ADL_konf_Illyefalva community development of Unitarian villages. For this project, we initially selected the following local communities: Inlaceni, Craciunel, Sanpetru, Chinusu, Ocland, Meresti and Darjiu. Eventually, because we could not find devoted people, we started the project only in five communities.
The project started with a training for the young people chosen to be LDAs (who would eventually organize action groups). After the problems of the community were analyzed, we prioritized the actions to be performed, and defined the strategies of these communities. Between May 20th and June 1st, we organized the conference: “Sustainable Rural Development before its Achievement”, in Ilieni, Covasna County. At this conference we held discourse on community and rural development. The participants from these villages presented their completed development plans in workshops at the conference.
The LDAs within the Unitarian Church are members of the network of Regional Development Agents, and thus, through the Regional Centre in Odorheiu Secuiesc we will support, counsel and inform them indefinitely.


Period of implementation: December 2005 – May 2006

Project coordinator: Csáki Rozália
Partner: Harvest Hope Pro Homorod

Funder: Project Harvest Hope (USA)









  Local Development Agent – course support in Hungarian


Local Development Agent (LDA) is one of Civitas Foundation’s most important active programs in the field of rural development. One basic element of this program is developing human resources capacity of local public administration in rural areas.
The LDA, as a resource person in the local community, benefits from an initial training within the program, to acquire the necessary knowledge for development activities. To make the training of LDAs more efficient, this year, together with our partners (CAR, ADETIM, CENPO, UBB Cluj), we have prepared a volume of supporting course materials. These materials treat the important themes: local economic development, community development, public policies, organization and functioning of local public administration, management of local communities, project management, organizational communication, fundraising and team building.

As Civitas Foundation coordinates the activities of the LDAs in the North–Western and Central development areas, where important Hungarian communities are settled, there have been applications for LDA trainings in Hungarian, in addition to trainings in Romanian.
To address this need, the Civitas Foundation translated five chapters of the publication “Local Development Agent”: local development, public policies, project management, fundraising and team building. This project was financed by the Office for Hungarian Minorities Abroad.


Period of implementation: November 2006 – December 2006

Project coordinator: Diana Suciu
Partner: -

Funder: Office for Hungarian Minorities Abroad – Hungary, “Szülõföld” Program









  Local Development Agent


Often, the local public administration is the sole institution actively involved in the development of rural communities. To address this reality, and need to increase the capacity of the local public administration to prepare and implement local development policies, Civitas Foundation and its partners from the Consortium for Rural Development (Public Policies Centre, Faculty of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences within Babes–Bolyai University, Economic Development Agency of Timis County, and the Rural Assistance Centre) are implementing the Local Development Agent (LDA) model at a national level. 3-ADL-polgarmesterekkelThis initiative has benefited from the financial support of Open Society Institute and German Marshall Fund. It is based on two pilot programs, namely Local Development Agent (initiated by Civitas Foundation) and Local Promoters (initiated by the Rural Assistance Centre). The present LDA model exists in two forms. The Local Development Agent is a person employed within the local public administration, micro-regional association local NGO. The LDA’s basic task, based on abilities, knowledge and information, is to actively support local development. LDAs do this by facilitating preparation of the local development strategy, developing and implementing projects, identifying and building partnerships, and increasing the visibility of their community (i.e. updating the village web site).
The following activities have been executed to promote and implement this model around Romania:

  • six resource centres have been settled and are functional (Civitas Foundation coordinates three of these centres in Cluj-Napoca, Odorheiul Secuiesc and Botosani) – they promote the model, assist the local in the selection and training of the local development agents and coordinate and assist LDAs activities;
  • coaching and training sessions for the coordinators of the resource centres;
  • training sessions for the LDAs;
  • publication of an information booklet (5 issues of RoLDA);
  • completion of a policy paper, as an argument for the introduction of the model at the top level of the public administration in Romania;
  • formation of a discussion group (on yahoo groups) of the LDAs;
  • construction of a web site for the program (www.lda.ro);
  • regional conferences organized in the large municipalities of the country, which mayors, local councillors and representatives of the county councils attend;
  • national conference organized in Bucharest in which representatives of the central administration and members of the parliament participated;
  • international conference held in Timisoara for the promotion of the Local Development Agent model in other South–Eastern European countries (Bosnia Herzegovina, Serbia, Ukraine, Turkey, Georgia, Armenia, Macedonia, etc.). 70 persons from 14 countries participated to this event. The LDA model, Policy Paper, similar models from Romania and from other participating countries were presented at this conference.


Because of our efforts through the end of 2006, 170 new LDAs joined the approximately 80 LDAs that existed in 2004. The total number of the LDA is now 250. 50 LDAs are in the coordination area of the resource centre in Cluj–Napoca, 24 in the area of the resource centre in Odorheiu Secuiesc and 24 in the resource centre in Botosani (also coordinated by Civitas). These persons participated to training courses in community development, project and fundraising management, organization and functioning of local public administration, and public policy. Even if the stability challenge of the LDAs has not been solved yet, the results obtained in certain cases are remarkable: during the previous year, one local development agent succeeded in submitting five financing applications for a total value of 619.000 EURO.4-LDA_Temesvar_2006
During this same period, due to the new framework offered by an amendment of the local public administration law, and the programs of the European Union for rural development (i.e. “Leader+” program), the LDAs have decided to form micro-regional associations. This will enable them to cooperatively manage certain public services and increase co-financing capacity, giving them better access to certain European and governmental programs. For example, in Cluj County, in 2006, two such associations were formed with Civitas Foundation’s support; two others are in progress. There are also two micro-regional associations in Bistrita–Nasaud County, which are functional and began producing remarkable results in the previous year. Both these associations were coordinated by LDAs.
In conclusion, even if the financing for the project had ended in August 2006, the LDA network exists and is still developing, without financial support from the central or county institutions. Moreover, because both European Union and governmental funds can only be accessed through fundamental projects based on local development strategies, several local councils and town halls have expressed their wish for our support in selecting, training and assisting an LDA.


Period of implementation: April 2004 – March 2006

Project coordinators: Csáki Rozália, Balogh Márton, Pavel Alexandru
Partners: Centre for Rural Assistance Timisoara (CAR), Public Policy Centre (CENPO) Cluj–Napoca, The Faculty of Political, Administrative and Communication Sciences within Babes-Bolyai University, Cluj–Napoca, Economic Development Agency of Timis County (ADETIM)

Funders: Local Government and Public Service Reform Initiative (LGI) Budapest, German Marshall Fund, Open Society Institute – East-East Program



Agricultural high schools - local "hubs" for the development of small and medium farms. The component From high-school to farm - study tours for future farmers to better understand the value chain in agriculture


Antreprenoriat Rural